The history of legal documents. Moscow has become a capital again

On 12 March 1918, the status of the capital of Russia was returned to Moscow.

Since the beginning of the 14th century, the residence of the Grand Dukes of Moscow was located in Moscow. The first reliable mention of Moscow in chronicles is considered to be in the Ipatiev Chronicle on (4) 11 April 1147, when Rostov-Suzdal Grand Duke Yuri Dolgoruky gave a reception to his friends and allies in a small town called Moscow, ruled by Novgorod-Seversky Grand Duke Svyatoslav Olgovich.

Even when the capital was moved to Saint-Petersburg in the 18th century, the emperors were still crowned in Moscow.

During the Patriotic War of 1812, Moscow was heavily damaged by fire. After that, the city was completely restored, and the Cathedral of Christ the Savior was built. By the end of the 19th century, the tram network appeared in Moscow.

Shortly after the October Revolution, on 12 March 1918, Moscow was returned to the status of the capital of Russia. Until then, the status belonged to Petrograd (Saint-Petersburg). Initially, it was planned to move the capital of the Russian Soviet Socialist Republic from Petrograd to Moscow only for a certain period of time.

By the way, during the reign of Nikita Khrushchev, it was being considered to move the capital of the USSR or the RSFSR to Sverdlovsk.



President of the Union of Criminalists and Criminologists

Igor M. Matskevich

Translated by Elizaveta O. Ovchinnikova

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