On 23 July 1994, the Federal Constitutional Law ‘On the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation’ entered into force.
On 21 September 1993, the Decree of Russian President Boris N. Yeltsin ‘On Gradual Constitutional Reform in the Russian Federation’ was issued. There, the Constitutional Court was asked not to hold sessions. At the same time, the work of the Congress of People’s Deputies and the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation was interrupted. Temporary regulations on the federal executive bodies and the State Duma elections were enacted.
By the Decree of 7 October 1993, the Constitutional Court activities were suspended. After the adoption of the new Constitution of the Russian Federation on 12 December 1993, the President of the Russian Federation declared the Law of the RSFSR on the Constitutional Court invalid by the Decree of 24 December 1993.
On 21 July 1994, the Federal Constitutional Law ‘On the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation’ was signed by the President of the Russian Federation. Two days later, on 23 July, it entered into force.
The Law defined the Constitutional Court as a judicial body of constitutional control that separately and independently exercises judicial power through constitutional court proceedings. The total number of judges of the Constitutional Court was increased to 19. Two chambers were created with 10 and 9 judges respectively. The Constitutional Court was entrusted with such powers as giving an official and binding interpretation of the Constitution of the Russian Federation. It was also possible to provide the Constitutional Court with additional powers. In February 1995, after the election of personnel, the Constitutional Court resumed its work.
Translated by Elizaveta O. Ovchinnikova